Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most common treatments for kidney stones. High-energy shock waves are directed at a kidney stone, causing it to break apart.
With Laser Lithotripsy, a laser is used to break stones into very small pieces. The pieces can then be removed during the same procedure or pass out of the body through urine.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the surgical removal of kidney stones through a minimally invasive approach. It's often used for larger or irregularly shaped stones.